Intermediate Neurodevelopmental Outcome After Repair of Ventricular Septal Defect
Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 11/12/2010
Simons JS et al. – Children with congenital heart disease are at risk for impaired neurodevelopmental outcome. Despite the high prevalence of ventricular septal defects relative to other cardiac defects, few studies have specifically examined this population. The purpose of this study was to provide data on the intermediate neurodevelopmental outcome for children after repair of a ventricular septal defect. After repair of ventricular septal defects, children function within the normal range in most areas. Three of the four domains in which lower functioning was observed tap into visual cognitive abilities rather than verbal abilities. Lower mean scores in these areas were, however, generally within one standard deviation of the population mean, suggesting mild weaknesses rather than significant impairments.